We live in an increasingly complex society, with hasty social changes and constant unpredictability and changes. In addition, the vehement use of new technologies and the thirst for information gives people the precision of adaptability, critical opinion, creativity, competence for innovation, and openness to the new. The growth of an information society is necessary, therefore, in the technological world in which we live.
The reflective reading represents one of the good ways to understand reality. It is true that in our society, reading practices are little encouraged and developed. Thus, given its importance, reading should be encouraged and integrated into the daily lives of students and, consequently, young people and adults. Reading the book will definitely help you become more productive as a student. Not just like a term paper writing but it will also help you gain knowledge and perform well in exams. In this article, we will tell you 6 alternatives to reading logs that can help you maintain your knowledge base and keep you connected to reading even if you don’t have access to books.
1. Dramatized monologue
Literature, by itself, is a great tool to stimulate student’s enthusiasm for reading and writing. However, the teacher needs to be able to make the class more attractive and creative, that is, to escape a little from the traditional to demonstrate that these moments can also be fun.
One suggestion is to dramatize the text after interpretation. This proposal has everything to provide moments of relaxation while students develop skills such as reading and understanding, disinhibition, orality, and body expression.
Starting with the dramatized monologue in class is not difficult, it is necessary to choose a scene from the text, preferably a short and uncomplicated passage, and ask the students to get involved in the story during the representation of the reading activity.
2. Reading wheel
Another idea of an activity that the teacher can propose in the classroom is the reading wheel. Once seated in a circle, each person can read a portion of the text – which must vary in different genres in order for the repertoire to expand.
In this type of reading activity, it is important to choose quality materials and content and to go beyond fairy tales. The educator can, for example, bring news that deals with interesting subjects for children and invite them to a debate.
In the reading wheel, the student has the opportunity to learn about the characteristics that distinguish textual genres, the uses and functions of writing, and the distinctions between written and oral. In addition, he gets used to the language and elements contained in the various types of texts.
3. Word identification and interpretation game
The purpose of this activity is to develop some important skills in reading and understanding the text in the student. This is because the ideal is that he not only knows how to decode words but also to understand their use and meaning in history.
To apply this educational game, you will need two sets of cards or cards. In the first, he will write words that are easy to represent visually – such as a house, dog, cat, and flower – and in the second he will draw or make collages of figures that represent the chosen words.
Once this is done, ask the student to combine the term with the corresponding image. It is important to note, however, that for this activity, whose purpose is to recognize words in a simple and fun way, it is necessary that the child already identifies the letters of the alphabet.
4. Reading with word search
This is a very nice dynamic to apply in the early years of school when the student is learning to read and understand words. It basically consists of a game of research and assimilation that contributes to the evolution of the student’s reading skills.
To start this reading activity, the teacher will have to choose ten words and write them, each one, twice in letters – thus totaling twenty cards and two sets. The next step is to hide one of the sets around the classroom, as on the floor, on the bookcase, on the bulletin board, and on the table.
Then, the educator must hand over the second group of cards to the student so that he/she can search for the word that matches the first sign in his / her hands. It is possible, however, that the child will find a different card, but in that case, he must recognize that it is not the same word and proceed with the hunt.
5. Character design
Another way to encourage reading, sharpen interest, and stimulate students’ imagination, is to ask them to portray what has been read. Through this description in the form of a drawing, the child realizes the need to pay attention to details, thus increasing concentration in these moments of the class.
Our suggestion is that the teacher encourages the student to think about a specific character after reading each chapter, leading him to reflect on some points of the narrative, so that, thus, he can start drawing.
For example: what does the character look like? What was he thinking or feeling? Why did you act in such a way? These and other questions can be raised as the class progresses through the chapters and the drawing can be updated every time something new is learned.
6. The news feed on Facebook
The presence of technology in the routine of the vast majority of adolescents is unquestionable. So, why not accept it and insert it in the classroom reading activities as well? This will undoubtedly be a way to engage the class.
It is difficult to find an elementary school student who does not have a Facebook profile. The idea, then, would be to turn the reading into a news feed on the timeline of this social network. How? Very simple: ask students to collectively transform a passage from the book into a common conversation in a post.
For this, they can create profiles with the names of the characters and start a news feed, that is, a dialogue, in which each person speaks something and the story unfolds. Adding pictures, speech bubbles, gifs, emojis, memes, links, and whatever else is common on social networks is an idea to give an even more comical look to the task.
Recreational activities, such as those mentioned in this post, are fundamental for the formation of engaged, critical, and participative readers, as children come into contact with different textual genres and learn to like literature in all its forms.
6 tips to promote reading in students
1. Encourage students to read more for pleasure
Reading should not be an imposing act, so put aside arbitrariness and encourage reading for pleasure. The teacher should encourage students to discover the literary styles they like best, and encourage them to choose books in the library to take home. Thus, when there is mandatory reading on the menu, it will be possible to approach it as an attractive and playful activity for the student.
2. Promote library visits
If the teacher expects the student to develop the habit of reading more and more frequently and with more quality, he needs to promote and encourage his contact with books.
Take the class to the school library, let them explore the books, flick through the magazines and independently choose what they want to read. Also, remind them that reading does not have to be restricted to the school walls. Organizing a visit to the large municipal libraries can bring surprising results!
3. Invest in reading projects
In this sense, the school can promote the collection of books in gymkhanas, make reading Olympics with prizes for the best performances, organize special weeks dedicated to storytelling and the act of reading, in addition to proposing that students write their own narratives and poetry – textual production is also an excellent strategy to encourage a taste for reading.
4. Look for variation
When the intention is to encourage students to take an interest in reading, variation in literary genres and types is essential. Students should experience reading through different materials, which go far beyond the more traditional formats.
The school can and should encourage them to read comics, magazines, newspapers, cartoons, poetry, acrostics, chronicles, short stories, among others. This will free them from literary prejudices and prepare them to read everything and do well, even when it is time to read the test statements critically, for example.
5. Extend students’ power of interpretation
It is important that educators provide a time for debate about reading. At this moment, it is interesting, before the exposition by the educator, to let the students talk about what they understood and how they interpreted the work. Not interrupting the flow of ideas and avoid judging certain interpretations as wrong are fundamental attitudes in this context – it must be clarified that different views are indeed valid and enriching.
6. Don’t condemn technology
The fear that devices such as e-readers and tablets may mean “the end of books” is common, however, the educator should not attribute this role to technology, mainly because it can prove to be a great ally in the pedagogical process. It is necessary to see that, far from leading to the death of books, technology brings new ways of exploring them and the possibility of discovering works that were previously inaccessible.
Consider projects like:
- The Public Domain, which gives access to several copyright-free titles in Portuguese;
- Project Gutenberg, which provides free e-books in several languages;
- The Gallica, the portal of the National Library of France, which includes books, manuscripts, pictures and historical documents of free access.
Finding ways to make reading a pleasurable habit is the job of all teachers, but especially of Portuguese language teachers. However, this task is not characterized as easy or immediate; but rather slowly and progressively, it is up to the teachers to find methods to encourage the development of meaningful reading by the learners.
In this process, the role of the school is essential, and the teacher is the mediator. However, it does not always provide adequate resources to carry out intended activities with a focus on reading, or it is also possible that you do not know how to elaborate and apply them.
The realization of the training of readers requires from the school and other members of the sectors of the educational process actions that stimulate thinking, criticality, creation, presenting diverse reading materials, with which it is possible to awaken and stimulate the taste for the act of reading, since the early school years.